PROJECT IDEA: Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Knowledge Attitude and Practices on Nosy Komba: a Baseline Assessment of Four Rural Communities in Northern Madagascar
CONTRIBUTION TO SDGs:
LOCATION: Nosy Komba, Madagascar
SECTOR OF INTERVENTION: WASH Research
START DATE: May – July 2016
Proper interventions must be based on evidence. This project aims to illustrate WASH habits within and between targeted communities using data generated from community GPS mapping, Focus Group Discussions (FGDs), and door-to-door KAP (Knowledge, Attitude and Practices) surveys.
The surveys assess and compare different sanitation approaches in 4 settings:
- Antintorona (≅700 people), use of Private Toilets
- Antamotamo (≅500 people), use of 100% Open Defecation
- Antrema (≅150 people), use of 1 Community-Managed Public Toilet
- Anjiabè (≅1000 people), use of several Community-Managed Public Toilets
The research aims to:
- Assess Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) related to Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
- Investigate and measure the existence of possible relationships between people’s behaviours and health outcomes
- Use evidence to implement interventions
- Understand the impact of previous projects done on Nosy Komba based on WASH indicators
- Set a baseline to monitor future project development
The data collected will aid H4O in planning and addressing new interventions to implement.
1 local project leader to update the survey data and carry on the data collection.
- To establish institutional relationships with written permission to operate
- To map each village with GPS (water points, toilets, open-defecation areas)
- To perform Focus Group Discussions with key informants
- To collect data through Household KAP (Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices) Surveys
- To develop Hygiene Promotion Workshops based on survey outputs
RESEARCH AND EVIDENCES
David Parks, a MSc student of WASH Engineering at the University of Leeds with a relevant background in Public Health, developed our WASH KAP survey as his dissertation. This research project was carried out on the islands of Nosy Komba and Nosy Iranja. The instruments used are the GPS Leica Zeno 20, combined with KoBoToolbox for Humanitarian Response.