Improving health conditions of childbearing age women and children, living in a rural area in Madagascar.
Madagascar is one of the most malnourished countries in the world. Undernutrition is a plague, particularly in rural areas, where the stunting prevalence is up to 47.4% (Klaus von Grebmer et al., 2019).
Severe malnutrition leads to an increase of morbidity and mortality since it exposes individuals to a greater risk of chronic degenerative non-communicable diseases, affecting mental development and limiting future working capacity with long-term social and economic consequences. Increasing dietary diversity could represent a possible solution to reduce nutrition inadequacy, as well as the risk of nutritional deficits and consequently improving the health of the local communities.
The project targets a specific population: childbearing age women and children living in rural areas of Madagascar. The research will evaluate the food knowledge and habits, along with assessing the health status of the sampled population, in order to create a baseline for future interventions focused on improving health conditions of the target population.
Considering Madagascar is worldly renowned for its high biodiversity, the identification, study and use of local native plants- Indigenous Vegetables, rich in micronutrients, could represent a sustainable solution to improve the nutritional status of rural Malagasy inhabitants.